How do the different roles change our behaviour? Are we consistently ourselves? This was investigated by Zimbardo (1971) in a prison simulation study that yielded astonishing & worrying results.
Some researchers have suggested that humans don’t actually need sleep to function or survive. Peter Tripp, an American DJ, put this to the test in 1959.
This was investigated by Piliavin (1969) on the New York subway. An actor fell over on the train, 2 observers measured who, if anyone, helped.
Third grade teacher Jane Elliot wanted to show her class what it felt like to experience discrimination after the assassination of Martin Luther King in 1968.
David Rosenhan conducted a famous experiment where mentally healthy individuals presented at mental hospitals saying they were hearing voices.
Harlow & Harlow studied this with their infamous study using Rhesus monkeys. Baby monkeys were taken from their mothers & placed in a cage with two ‘surrogate mothers’ made of wire.
Konrad Lorenz studied the attachment behaviour of geese by splitting a clutch of eggs into two. Half were left to hatch with their mother & the other half were kept in an incubator & saw Lorenz as the first moving object when they hatched.
Is aggression a behaviour that’s learnt or an instinct that’s innate? This was the question posed by Albert Bandura in a series of experiments called the Bobo Doll studies.
Priming – techniques that can be used in order to subtly change the behaviour of another person by manipulating the environment.
Priming equips us to notice certain things, feel certain things and act in certain ways. The first step is to have a positive frame of mind.